Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: FABIO GIUDICE

Expected Learning Outcomes

The aim of the course is to provide the knowledge on the basic phenomena of metallurgy, to understand the properties and the behavior of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, and the effects of the main technological treatments, also in relation to different types of conditions of use, with particular reference to the main degradation phenomena of metal alloys in operating conditions. This knowledge will be completed by introducing the problems related to the environmental impact of production, use, and disposal of metallic materials. Lastly, the course aims to put the student in the conditions to understand the origin of the material properties, select the most appropriate material for the specific application, define the most suitable treatment to improve its properties according to the conditions of use, and make assessments in terms of environmental sustainability of the chosen solutions.

Course Structure

The course includes theoretical lessons, supplemented by exercises and application examples.

Should teaching be carried out in mixed mode or remotely, it may be necessary to introduce changes with respect to previous statements, in line with the programme planned and outlined in the syllabus.

The teaching material consists of the slides of the lessons and additional documentation (

Required Prerequisites

Knowledge of Physics and Chemistry (Important)

Basics of mechanical behavior of materials (Useful)

Attendance of Lessons


Detailed Course Content

Process Metallurgy

Raw materials and preliminary treatments

Extractive metallurgy


Physical Metallurgy

Metallic structure, crystalline defects, plastic deformation

Solid solutions

Diffusion phenomena

Phase transformations, nucleation, solidification

Solid-state phase transformations, recrystallization, precipitation


Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metal Alloys

Iron-carbon system and heat treatments of steels

Alloying elements and their effects

Types and properties of steels and cast iron

Non-ferrous metals and alloys


Applied Metallurgy

Characterization and analysis of metallic materials

Fracture, fatigue, creep

Corrosion of metallic materials

Hydrogen-induced damage phenomena

Metallurgy of additive manufactured metal components


Materials and Environmental Sustainability

Analysis of material life cycle

Environmental impact of extractive metallurgy

Environmental characterization and recycling of metallic materials

Textbook Information

1 - F.C. Campbell, Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys, ASM International, 2007 (reference book)

2 - A. Sili, Metallurgy, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, 2022 (consultation book)

3 - P. Pedeferri, Corrosion Science and Engineering, Springer, 2018 (reference book)

4 - M.F. Ashby, Materials and the Environment, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013 (consultation book)

Course Planning

 SubjectsText References
1Raw materials and preliminary treatments2 and notes
2Extractive metallurgy2 and notes
3Metallic structure, crystalline defects, plastic deformation1-2
4Solid solutions 1-2
5Solid-state diffusion phenomena 1-2
6Phase transformations, nucleation, solidification1-2
7Solid-state phase transformations, recrystallization, precipitation1-2
8Iron-carbon system and heat treatments of steels 1
9Alloying elements and their effects 1-2
10Types and properties of steels and cast iron1-2
11Non-ferrous metals and alloys1-2
12Characterization and analysis of metallic materials1 and notes
13Fracture, fatigue, creep 1
14Corrosion of metallic materials 1-3
15Hydrogen-induced damage phenomena3
16Metallurgy of additive manufactured metal componentsNotes
17Analysis of material life cycle4 and notes
18Environmental impact of extractive metallurgyNotes
19Environmental characterization and recycling of metallic materials4 and notes

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

The learning assessment consists in a final oral exam. Elements to be evaluated: relevance of the answers, quality of their contents, ability to connect with other topics within the program, ability to report examples, quality of technical language, and overall expressive ability.

During the course, intermediate tests will be planned. These tests are optional. Failure to participate does not preclude access to the final oral exam, nor does it affect the final outcome of the same.

Learning assessment may also be carried out on line, should the conditions require it.

To guarantee equal opportunities and in compliance with current laws, students can request a meeting in order to plan any compensatory and/or dispensatory measure, according to the educational goals and specific needs. In this case, it is advisable to contact the CInAP (Centre for Active and Participated Integration - Services for Disabilities and/or SLD) reference professor of the Department where the Degree Course is included.

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

Define the main types of defects in crystal lattices

Describe mechanisms and laws of diffusion in crystalline solids

Interpret the Fe-C diagram by describing and quantifying the phases and structural constituents

Describe the main heat treatments for steels, and their effects

Define the phases that characterize the creep phenomenon and the corresponding microstructural mechanisms

Describe the main types of corrosive phenomena